Chicken Breed Glossary thumbnail image

Chicken Breed Glossary

Choosing a breed of chicken doesn’t have to be a difficult project. Use this handy guide to select the bird with the traits that are right for you!

CORNISH ROCK

A hardy and heavy meat bird. Known to have an extremely efficient feed to weight conversion. Harvestable weight is generally around 5 – 6 lbs but may grow to be over 8 lbs.

RHODE ISLAND RED

Great dual-purpose breed. Individual hen may lay up to 5 – x-large, brown colored eggs a week. Generally, a good tempered bird that does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Rhode Island Red

BARRED ROCK

A friendly, dual-purpose bird. Lays around 4 – large, brown-colored eggs a week. Does well in confinement or free-range. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Barred Rock

SILVER LACED WYANDOTTE

A popular dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs a week. A gentle-natured bird that does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Silver Laced Wyandotte

BLACK SEX LINK

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Sex Links indicate their gender at hatching as males are a different color than females. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs a week. Good in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Easter Egger

WELSUMMER

Great dual-purpose breed with a friendly personality. Lays around 4 – large, chocolate-colored eggs a week. Does well in confinement but are also great foragers. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Welsummer

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Excellent dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs a week. Typically grow quickly. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

New Hampshire

BLACK AUSTRALORP

Gentle, dual-purpose bird. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Black Australorp

BUFF ORPINGTON

A great all-around, dual-purpose bird with a friendly personality. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs a week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Buff Orpington

SPECKLED SUSSEX

A mellow dual-purpose bird with beautiful speckled-patterned feathers. Lays around 4 – large, light brown eggs a week. Bears confinement well but are also great foragers. Hardy winter bird.

Speckled Sussex

BLUE AUSTRALORP

Gentle, dual-purpose bird. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Blue Australorp

WHITE LEGHORN

An excellent egg-laying breed. Lays around 4 – x-large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Both a winter hardy and heat tolerant breed.

White Leghorn

RED SEX LINK

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Sex Links indicate their gender at hatching as males are a different color than females. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs a week. Good in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Red Sex Link

DOMINIQUE

Similar in appearance to the Barred Rock but with a rose comb. Great dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs per week. Good in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Dominique

TURKEN

Also known as “Naked Necks” these birds are an easy-going dual-purpose breed. Lays around 2 – medium, light brown eggs per week. Good in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Turken

GOLDEN LACED WYANDOTTE

A popular dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. A gentle-natured bird that does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Golden Laced Wyandotte

BARRED COCHIN

A friendly, mainly ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Barred Cochin

CRELE PENEDESENCA

A rare, egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – medium, chocolate-colored eggs per week. Needs space to roam. Tolerates heat well.

Crele Penedesenca

SALMON FAVEROLLE

A beautiful, dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – medium, light brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Salmon Faverolle

WHITE ROCK

A friendly, dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown egg per week. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

White Rock

BLACK JERSEY GIANT

A very large but docile, dual-purpose breed. Lays 3 – x-large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Black Jersey Giant

BLUE LACED RED WYANDOTTE

A popular dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. A gentle-natured bird that does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Blue Laced Red Wyandotte

WHITE CRESTED BLACK POLISH

A unique crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – tiny, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

White Crested Black Polish

MOTTLED HOUDAN

Similar to the Polish breeds, the Mottled Houdan is a crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – small, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.


BANTAM COCHIN – FRIZZLE

This is the frizzle genetic variant of the Bantam Cochin, a friendly, mainly ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Bantam Cochin – Frizzle

BANTAM SILKIE

An extremely friendly and tame ornamental bantam. Lays around 3 – small, tinted eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Bantam Silkie

ANCONA

An active egg-laying breed. Lays around 5 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Ancona

BANTAM BELGIAN QUAIL D’ANVER

A true bantam breed for ornamental use. Lays around 2 – tiny, tinted eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Does not tolerate extreme heat or cold.

Bantam Belgian Quail D’anver

BLUE ANDALUSIAN

An active egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Blue Andalusian

BLUE COCHIN

Friendly, heavy ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Blue Cochin

BROWN LEGHORN

A great egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Brown Leghorn

BUCKEYE

An all-around great dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Buckeye

BUFF LACED POLISH

A unique crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 3 – medium, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Buff Laced Polish

BUFF ROCK

An excellent dual-purpose bird with great meat quality. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement but better with area to free-range. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Buff Rock

CALIFORNIA GREY

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Lays around 5 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement but is also known for its great forager ability. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

California Grey

CREAM LEGBAR

A friendly egg-laying breed. Lays around 4 – medium, light blue eggs per week. Does well in confinement but is also known for its great forager ability. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Cream Legbar

DARK CORNISH

A fierce-looking but docile meat bird. Lays around 1 – small, light brown egg per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Dark Cornish

DELAWARE

A calm and friendly dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Delaware

GOLD LACED POLISH

A unique crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 3 – medium, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Gold Laced Polish

GOLD SEX LINK

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Sex Links indicate their gender at hatching as males are a different color than females. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs a week. Good in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Gold Sex Link

MOTTLED JAVA

An old dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Mottled Java

OLIVE EGGER

A rare hybrid egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, olive-colored eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Olive Egger

PRODUCTION BLUE

A hybrid egg-laying breed. Lays around 4-5 – x-large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Production Blue

RED BROILER

A dual-purpose breed known for its great quality meat. Lays around 3-4 – x-large, brown eggs. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Red Broiler

RHODE ISLAND WHITE

A great dual-purpose breed. Lays around 5 – x-large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Rhode Island White

RUSSIAN ORLOFF

An ornamental breed that can be used for dual purpose. Lays around 2 – medium, light brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Russian Orloff

SILVER LEGHORN

An intelligent egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Silver Leghorn

WELBAR

A friendly dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, chocolate-colored eggs per week. Does well in confinement but is also a great forager. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.