Chicken Breed Glossary - Raising Chicken and Birds Resources

Chicken Breed Glossary

Choosing a breed of chicken doesn’t have to be a difficult project. Use this handy guide to select the bird with the traits that are right for you!

Cornish Rock Cross Chicken

Cornish Rock

A hardy and heavy meat bird. Known to have an extremely efficient feed to weight conversion. Harvestable weight is generally around 5 – 6 lbs but may grow to be over 8 lbs.

Rhode Island Red

Great dual-purpose breed. Individual hen may lay up to 5 – x-large, brown colored eggs a week. Generally, a good tempered bird that does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Barred Rock Chicken

Barred Rock

A friendly, dual-purpose bird.  Lays around 4 – large, brown-colored eggs a week.  Does well in confinement or free-range.  Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Silver Laced Wyandotte Chicken

Silver Laced Wyandotte

A popular dual-purpose breed.  Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs a week.  A gentle-natured bird that does well in confinement.  Hardy winter bird.

Black Sex Link Chicken

Black Sex Link

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Sex Links indicate their gender at hatching as males are a different color than females. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs a week. Good in confinement.  Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Easter Egger Chicken

Easter Egger

A fun, egg-laying breed. This breed varies greatly in color, just like the colors of their eggs. Lays around 4 – x-large, green/pink/blue eggs a week. Good in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Welsummer Chicken

Welsummer

Great dual-purpose breed with a friendly personality. Lays around 4 – large, chocolate-colored eggs a week. Does well in confinement but are also great foragers. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant. 

New Hampshire Chicken

New Hampshire

Excellent dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs a week. Typically grow quickly. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Black Australorp Chicken

Black Australorp

Gentle, dual-purpose bird. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Buff Orpington

Buff Orpington

A great all-around, dual-purpose bird with a friendly personality. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs a week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Speckled Sussex Chicken

Speckled Sussex

A mellow dual-purpose bird with beautiful speckled-patterned feathers. Lays around 4 – large, light brown eggs a week. Bears confinement well but are also great foragers. Hardy winter bird.

Blue Australorp Chicken

Blue Australorp

Gentle, dual-purpose bird. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

White Leghorn Chicken

White Leghorn

An excellent egg-laying breed. Lays around 4 – x-large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Both a winter hardy and heat tolerant breed. 

Red Sex Link

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Sex Links indicate their gender at hatching as males are a different color than females. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs a week. Good in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Dominique Chicken

Dominique

Similar in appearance to the Barred Rock but with a rose comb. Great dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs per week. Good in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Turken Chicken

Turken

Also known as “Naked Necks” these birds are an easy-going dual-purpose breed. Lays around 2 – medium, light brown eggs per week. Good in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Golden Laced Wyandotte Chicken

Golden Laced Wyandotte

A popular dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. A gentle-natured bird that does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Barred Cochin Chicken

Barred Cochin

A friendly, mainly ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Crele Penedesenca Chicken

Crele Penedesenca

A rare, egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – medium, chocolate-colored eggs per week. Needs space to roam. Tolerates heat well.

Salmon Faverolle Chicken

Salmon Faverolle

A beautiful, dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – medium, light brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

White Rock

A friendly, dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown egg per week. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant. 

Black Jersey Giant Chicken

Black Jersey Giant

A very large but docile, dual-purpose breed. Lays 3 – x-large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Blue Laced Red Wyandotte Chicken

Blue Laced Red Wyandotte

A popular dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. A gentle-natured bird that does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

White Crested Black Polish Chicken

White Crested Black Polish

A unique crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – tiny, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well. 

Mottled Houdan Chicken

Mottled Houdan

Similar to the Polish breeds, the Mottled Houdan is a crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – small, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Bantam Cochin – Frizzle

This is the frizzle genetic variant of the Bantam Cochin, a friendly, mainly ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Bantam Silkie Chicken

Bantam Silkie

An extremely friendly and tame ornamental bantam. Lays around 3 – small, tinted eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Ancona Chicken

Ancona

An active egg-laying breed. Lays around 5 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Belgian Quail D'anver Chicken

Bantam Belgian Quail D’anver

A true bantam breed for ornamental use. Lays around 2 – tiny, tinted eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Does not tolerate extreme heat or cold.

Black Langshan Chicken

Black Langshan

A very rare dual-purpose bird originating from China. Lays around 3 – medium, brown eggs a week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird. 

Blue Andalusian Chicken

Blue Andalusian

An active egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Blue Cochin

Blue Cochin

Friendly, heavy ornamental breed. Lays around 2 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter bird.

Brown Leghorn Chicken

Brown Leghorn

A great egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Buckeye Chicken

Buckeye

An all-around great dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – medium, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Buff Laced Polish Chicken

Buff Laced Polish

A unique crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 3 – medium, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Buff Rock Chicken

Buff Rock

An excellent dual-purpose bird with great meat quality. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement but better with area to free-range. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant. 

California Grey Chicken

California Grey

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Lays around 5 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement but is also known for its great forager ability. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Cream Legbar Chicken

Cream Legbar

A friendly egg-laying breed. Lays around 4 – medium, light blue eggs per week. Does well in confinement but is also known for its great forager ability. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Dark Cornish Chicken

Dark Cornish

A fierce-looking but docile meat bird. Lays around 1 – small, light brown egg per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Delaware Chicken

Delaware

A calm and friendly dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Gold Laced Polish Chicken

Gold Laced Polish

A unique crested, ornamental breed. Lays around 3 – medium, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Gold Sex Link

Gold Sex Link

Excellent dual-purpose, hybrid bird. Sex Links indicate their gender at hatching as males are a different color than females. Lays around 5 – large, brown eggs a week. Good in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

Mottled Java Chicken

Mottled Java

An old dual-purpose breed. Lays around 3 – large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Olive Egger Chicken

Olive Egger

A rare hybrid egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, olive-colored eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Production Blue Chicken

Production Blue

A hybrid egg-laying breed. Lays around 4-5 – x-large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Red Broiler Chicken

Red Broiler

A dual-purpose breed known for its great quality meat. Lays around 3-4 – x-large, brown eggs. Does well in confinement. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant. 

Rhode Island White Chicken

Rhode Island White

A great dual-purpose breed. Lays around 5 – x-large, brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

Russian Orloff Chicken

Russian Orloff

An ornamental breed that can be used for dual purpose. Lays around 2 – medium, light brown eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Hardy winter breed.

SIlver Lakenvelder Chicken

Silver Lakenvelder

A rare egg-laying breed originating from Germany. Lays around 3 – medium, tinted eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Silver Leghorn Chicken

Silver Leghorn

An intelligent egg-laying breed. Lays around 3 – large, white eggs per week. Does well in confinement. Tolerates heat well.

Welbar Chicken

Welbar

A friendly dual-purpose breed. Lays around 4 – large, chocolate-colored eggs per week. Does well in confinement but is also a great forager. Both winter hardy and heat tolerant.

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